Cows' milk/Goats' milk. How do you choose?
You & I can totally agree that cows & goats are both cute! And the milk their mamas produce is delicious.
But, there are advantages & disadvantages to their milk.
So how do you choose? Cow milk or goat milk, which is better?
While raw milk from either species is far superior than pasteurized, some people can still find their tummies upset (or other problems) after drinking cows' milk.
"Nooooo! I can't be allergic to milk, can I??!!" I just heard you screaming at your computer..
This "allergy" may be due to a protein in the some cows' milk that goats don't have.
Not to bore you with too much scientific stuff, but most cows (NOT ALL) carry a protein called A1 beta casein. That is most generally seen in commercial cows like Holsteins. Cows can be A1/A1, A1/A2, or A2/A2. A2/A2 being the most desirable.
Yeah, I told you, boring AND confusing!
A1/A1 milk can be harder on digestive systems causing irritation, upset stomachs, and some claims are even worse. Although, not a lot of research has been done on either type of milk, testimonials from actual folks that can only tolerate A2 milk has me believing there’s something to it.
Heritage breeds like our Jersey, Dutch Belted, & Ayrshire cows are more likely to carry the A2 protein.
We have tested all 5 of our cows and found that the majority is A2 milk!! A couple are A1/A2. It's a long process, but we will breed the A2 gene into their calves, by using an A2/A2 bull, and slowly transition over.
Now, back to the cow/goat milk debate.
Goats' milk PROS:
Smaller fat globules making it easier to digest
Contains less lactose (milk sugars)
Slightly higher in most vitamins & minerals
Goats' milk CONS:
Can have a slight "goaty" taste the longer it sits
Low in Vitamin B 12
Cream does not separate without a cream separator
Harder to find a supply & more costly because they do not produce as much as a cow
Cows' milk PROS:
Easier to find a supply
Cream rises to the top making it easy to use in recipes
High in Vitamin B 12
Most prefer the taste of cow milk over goat milk
Cows' milk CONS:
Possible A1 protein can cause digestive issues
Slightly lower in most vitamins & minerals (compared to goats' milk)
Larger fat globules can take 2+ hours to digest
Another notable difference is, cows' milk is more yellowish & goats' milk is pure white. This is due to the way the animal processes the beta carotene in the grass/hay they eat. Cows milk contains the beta carotene, making their cream & butter yellow. Goats body's convert the beta carotene into Vitamin A, making their milk, cream, & butter pure white.
If I've totally confused you and you need a big glass of raw milk to wash it all down, call or text to see if you prefer cow or goat milk!